Meditation is a form of changing consciousness that enhances self-knowledge and good state by acquiring a deep state of tranquility.
It is to stop the intellectual and rational action of the cerebral cortex, and make the autonomic nerves appear active state. Simply put, it is a kind of spiritual self-discipline behavior to stop all external activities of consciousness and achieve the realm of selflessness.
There are two different modes of meditation: receptive and positive.
In receptive mode we simply relax and allow imagery or impression to come into the mind without making any choice of details. And in the positive model, we consciously choose and create what we want to see or imagine. Both patterns are an important part of meditation.
Forms of meditation
1.Concentrated meditation: Simply put, concentrated meditation means focusing all your energy on a single point. This point can be an object, a figure, a sound, a meaningless word, phrase or prayer, or breath. Until you have eliminated all other thoughts from your mind. This process will allow you to enter a state of inner peace and become more aware of your introverted thoughts and feelings.
2.Object meditation: The point of concentration can be an object or figure, such as a candle or the connection point between the ceiling and the wall in the room, among which the candle is a more commonly used meditation object. Another common figure is the mandala, which is a round object with complex designs and bright colors.
3.Breathing meditation: The difference between this and the previous sound meditation is that instead of listening to your breath, you "see" your breath, watching the whole picture of the gas going into your nose, throat, lungs and finally out. You can of course look at a picture of the respiratory system and visualize the process. With the flow of air during the process, distraction is minimized.
4.Carol meditation: Focusing on a meaningless word, phrase, or prayer. And repeat it over and over again. Carols are meaningless phrases with the same or second class syllables. And some special group training, usually by the teacher to give a prayer, this prayer is not shared with others, it is only valuable to you.
5.Open meditation: Concentrated meditation is the practice of bringing all of your energy to a single point during meditation to the exclusion of everything else in your consciousness. Open meditation, on the other hand, is the opposite of concentrated meditation. It does not restrict any stimuli in or out of consciousness, and it uses a kind of "distancing" observation of what comes in. Disengaged observation is simply noticing what you are aware of during meditation and observing them. The key to this is to separate yourself from these thoughts and feelings and to step back and observe them so that you can gain a deeper understanding of what they really are.
6.Action Meditation: This meditation can be done while you are moving, walking, etc. Unlike acoustic meditation, it is open to your surroundings, requiring you to immerse yourself in your surroundings and eliminate other distracting thoughts and stimuli. For example, when exercising outdoors, let yourself feel the scenery, sound and air of nature can make yourself happy.
From the basic knowledge, you must master them. Now just do it.